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Knowledge-based factors regarding the development of Industry 4.0 in technology-based firms

Conference paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Karen Gardenia Ramos-Higuera; Martha Elena López-Regalado; Rafael Ravina-Ripoll
2021 IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Conference - Europe, TEMSCON-EUR 2021. DOI: 10.1109/TEMSCON-EUR52034.2021.9488639
Publication year: 2021

Abstract

This research is focused on Industry 4.0 or better known as the 4th industrial revolution. In the initial section, the proposition is to analyze how the implementation of sectoral collaboration, intellectual capital and public policies affect and influences the development of Industry 4.0 in technology-based firms in the Tijuana-San Diego area, then the problem statement, research questions, hypotheses, objectives and justification of the research were carried out. Afterwards, the research foundation was developed to support and validate the information from the theoretical and contextual framework. A survey of 45 questions was carried out and it was aimed at employees of technology-based companies, in which it seeks to know if the employees are aware of the variables we study and if new technologies are being implemented in their organization. The survey was conducted with a total of 384 employees using an online questionnaire. To validate the data in the SPSS program and find out if the questions have a high Cronbach’s Alpha. The analysis of the survey was carried out through a quantitative study to later have the conclusions of the research in general and be able to know if the employees know and apply the industry 4.0 Among the results the correlation of the study variables was confirmed.

Clusters, Innovation Networks and SMEs: A conceptual framework for the Baja California wine industry

Conference paper
Reyna Virginia Barragán-Quintero, Oscar Omar Ovalle-Osuna, Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
2021 IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Conference - Europe, TEMSCON-EUR 2021. DOI: 10.1109/TEMSCON-EUR52034.2021.9488648
Publication year: 2021

Abstract

The study of clusters and Innovation Networks are issues that have grown in importance for SMEs in recent decades, however, there is limited information on how SMEs form alliances and work in networks, because it is at an early stage. In order to understand how SME’s interact in a dynamic context and what their innovation practices are, we present a conceptual framework. Research experiences are presented in innovation networks using the wine industry example, in order to illustrate the dynamics in this industry.

The Role of Compassion in IT-Based Social Entrepreneurship

Conference paper
Suisin Lam-Lam; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Richard David Evans
2020 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Novi, MI, USA, 2020, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON47658.2020.9140151.
Publication year: 2020

Abstract:

Social entrepreneurship is a complex form of organization, which includes technological organizations, where market-based methods are used to solve social problems. Currently, the issue continues to increase in popularity, but remains poorly understood and its motivations remain undertheorized. The researchers affirm that compassion can complement the individual’s own traditional motivations to influence social entrepreneurship. A model of three mechanisms is presented (integrative thinking, prosocial cost-benefit analysis and commitment to alleviate the suffering of others) that transform compassion into social entrepreneurship and identify the institutional conditions under which it is most likely to be carry on. In this article, we present an introduction on the definition of compassion, a model of how compassion encourages entrepreneurship and a model of the emerging organizational capacity for compassion, and we also discuss the contribution of both models.

The Effect on Productivity of the 3P Methodology Applied to Production Processes for the Ventilation and Air Extraction Products Industry

Conference paper
Mauricio Hidalgo-Loaeza; Reyna Virginia Barragán-Quintero; Oscar Omar Ovalle-Osuna; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
2020 IEEE Technology Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMSCON47658.2020.9140149
Publication year: 2020

Abstract:

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effect on productivity of the application of the 3P (Production, Preparation, Process) Methodology on manufacturing and assembly production processes, in relation to ventilation and air extraction products. With this goal in mind we intend to review two cases of process improvements that were implemented in Mexico, wherein the components of the 3P Methodology will be analyzed to relate their importance with the results and its impact on different measurable factors related to productivity, such as standard product cost and percentage of defects. Data sources of a Transnational Company (Based in the United States) were used from 2017 to 2019. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the 3P methodology in improving production processes in Mexico, that were later implemented in the United States, impacting positively and transcendentally on a higher level of productivity.

Does the level of academic study influence the happiness of Spanish entrepreneurs in Industry 4.0?

Conference paper
Rafael Ravina-Ripoll; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Richard David Evans; María José Foncubierta-Rodríguez;
2020 International Conference on Technology and Entrepreneurship - Virtual (ICTE-V), San Jose, CA, USA, 2020, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICTE-V50708.2020.9114368.
Publication year: 2020

Abstract:

The study of entrepreneurship is important for creating strategies that motivate creative activities in business development. In this paper, we study the happiness of Spanish entrepreneurs with relation to the level of academic study they hold, seeking to establish the relationship between these variables. Currently, there are a limited number of studies that address the relationship between these two variables. Given this previous reality and with the intention of reinventing scientific knowledge in the relationship of happiness and education, this work presents a thorough analysis of these variables in Spanish entrepreneurs. A correlational study was conducted using primary data from the barometer of the Center for Sociological Research (CSR). From this data, an ANOVA analysis was completed with results showing that the average rate of happiness is high. Observations also reveal no significance or direct relationship between the level of academic study held by the entrepreneur and their degree of happiness.

Does Money Makes Entrepreneurs Happy In The Age Of Industries 4.0?

Conference paper
Rafael Ravina-Ripoll; Ma Jose Foncubierta-Rodríguez; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Richard D Evans
2020 IEEE Technology Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMSCON47658.2020.9140146
Publication year: 2020

Abstract:

The study of entrepreneurship is important to create strategies to motivate value creation and income acquisition based on business development of industry 4.0 firms. In this document we study the perception of happiness in Spanish industry 4.0 technology related entrepreneurs in relation to income acquisition, we seek to find the relationship that occurs between these variables. Currently, there are a limited number of studies that address the relationship between these two variables and in general expectations it is determine that the relationship is natural. Given this previous reality and with the intention of reinventing scientific knowledge in the relationship of happiness and income acquisition, this work presents an analysis of these variables in Spanish industry 4.0 technology related entrepreneurs. A study to discover relationships was carried out using primary data from the barometer of the Center for Sociological Research (CSR). From this data, a quantitative analysis was completed with results showing that the average rate of happiness is greater as incomes increases until a limit (1800€=3.35 increases to 3000€=10.75) and then is reduces again (4500€=6.13). Observations also revealed there’s a lack of progression of the monetary income and perception of happiness relationship and there’s a need to develop strategies that increase the subjective well-being guided in the principles of common good, happiness management, job satisfaction and social relations, among other things and there’s need to confirm this results in other sectors.

New Challenges in Universities: Teaching Social Entrepreneurship

Conference paper
Suisin Lam-Lam; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Ismael Plascencia-López; Oscar Omar Ovalle-Osuna; Reyna Virginia Barragán-Quintero
2019 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Atlanta, GA, USA, 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2019.8813663.
Publication year: 2019

Abstract:

This study analyses the importance of teaching social entrepreneurship in state universities. A survey was applied to university students to find out if personality traits are related to the characteristics of social entrepreneurship. This was achieved through Alpha Cronbach and Pearson/Spearman correlation analysis. The results show that students have the personality traits to become social entrepreneurs. However, social entrepreneurship courses are not taught in universities of Tijuana city. Therefore, it is strongly suggested to teach social entrepreneurship in universities of the city and the state because students possess social entrepreneurship traits and are interested in the subject.

Measuring the effects of innovation in wine companies in Baja California

Conference paper
Reyna Virginia Barragán-Quintero; Oscar O. Ovalle-Osuna; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Richard David Evans
2019 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Atlanta, GA, USA, 2019, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2019.8813746.
Publication year: 2019

Abstract:

This study puts forward a qualitative analysis of the effects of innovation in wine producing companies located in Baja California, Mexico. The purpose of this work is to determine the effects of carrying out innovation activities as perceived by wine producing companies, based on the guidelines indicated in the Oslo Manual, considering types of innovation, and the perceived challenges and opportunities, that will allow the owners or managers of the wine companies to consider information in order to establish their objectives more effectively, as well as to propose strategies in their innovation processes, which can be considered when making strategic choices for innovation.

Employee Happiness in the Industry 4.0 Era: Insights from the Spanish Industrial Sector

Conference paper
Rafael Ravina-Ripoll; Estela Núñez-Barriopedro; Richard David Evans; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
2019 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Atlanta, GA, USA, 2019, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2019.8813623.
Publication year: 2019

Abstract:

In recent years, the study of organizational and employee happiness has become a prevalent and increasingly important research topic in the field of management science. At present, however, there are few studies that aim to examine the happiness of employees working in Industry 4.0 environments. Against this background, and in order to extend scientific progress on the topic, this paper presents a microanalysis of the level of employee happiness of those actively employed in the Spanish industrial sector. A correlational study was carried out using primary data from the barometer of the Center for Sociological Research (CIS). From this data, an ANOVA analysis was completed with results showing that the average rate of happiness for employees is quite high. Observations also revealed that individual employee happiness is directly linked to personal income and not from factors surrounding homelife.

Social Entrepreneurship as the Novel Approach to Modern Innovative Entrepreneurs

Conference paper
Suisin Lam-Lam; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Ismael Plascencia-López; Juan M. Perusquia-Velasco
2018 IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Evanston, IL, 2018, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2018.8488439.
Publication year: 2018

Abstract:

The present article describes a general overview of basic concepts that coincide with the point of view of several researchers on the subject of social entrepreneurship, the characteristics, personality traits and the entrepreneurial process within a social context, the possible challenges and how to overcome them; so that capabilities and competences to become a social entrepreneurs or a social innovator can be developed through education and by implementing specific pedagogical strategies.

Factors Affecting Corporate Happiness within Technology-Based Firms in Andalucia

Conference paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Rafael Ravina-Ripoll; Araceli Callano-Coronil; Richard David Evans
018 IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Evanston, IL, 2018, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2018.8488441.
Publication year: 2018

Abstract:

Studies on corporate happiness have emerged as a new approach to management and productivity. The theory around this leadership focus could change the way firms arrange their own business objectives and goals. In this paper, happiness, as a construct, is analyzed from an economical and entrepreneurial perspective. The goal is to determine if happiness influences productivity and work environments in technology-based firms (TBF) in Andalucía, Spain. A survey, completed by 41 employees, was elaborated on and applied to a group of employees in TBF, based in Sevilla. The results confirm that a happier environment is present in TBF than in non-technological firms. This is due to the strategies applied in TBF to improve happiness and wellness perception in their employees and the influence in productivity and, therefore, in organizational competitiveness.

Contributions of Knowledge Management to Firm Competitiveness from a Complexity Approach

Conference paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Manuel Castañon-Puga; Richard David Evans; Carelia Gaxiola-Pacheco
2018 IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Evanston, IL, 2018, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2018.8488416.
Publication year: 2018

Abstract:

In modern times, Knowledge Management (KM) is seen to be a key instrument in developing organizational competitiveness, especially in the context of dynamic organizations, such as knowledge-based firms. In this paper, we assume that firms are capable of developing dynamic functionality through their own initiative; this means that they are able to change and adapt, becoming agile to their surrounding environment. We propose that an approach from complexity theory may explain the phenomena that arises in an organization as it faces turbulent environments for competence. We introduce the importance of complexity approaches to knowledge management. The key questions addressed in this paper are: (1) How is KM managed through complexity theory, ensuring competitiveness is increased? and (2) How does the approach to complexity theory increase the understanding of competitiveness? This research analyses KM tools to implement management systems, based on knowledge and complexity theory. Although competitiveness is perceived as vital for organizations, the approximation of knowledge and complex theory are not yet fully developed and integrated into organizational processes to increase it.

Yammer: Investigating its impact on employee knowledge sharing during Product Development

Conference paper
Richard David Evans; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Joseph Zammit
017 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Santa Clara, CA, 2017, pp. 409-414, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2017.7998410.
Publication year: 2017

Abstract:

Global manufacturing continues to grow, creating the need for enhanced innovation during New Product Development (NPD); this in-turn requires increased utilization of employee-generated knowledge. Enterprise Social Networks (ESNs), such as Yammer.com, is one method identified which can allow organisations to connect employees across departments and physical boundaries. This paper summarises the results of a dual-moderated focus group conducted with 15 employees of a UK-based sports manufacturer, aimed at identifying the impact of Yammer on employee knowledge generation and sharing during NPD projects. Results indicate that employees see benefit in its use and would welcome greater embeddedness of ESNs in the NPD process. However, barriers are identified which may inhibit its successful deployment, including issues relating to security and intellectual property rights. Identified benefits of using Yammer include: an improved ability to find people with specific domain knowledge; increased awareness of communities of practice; and the matching of problems with solutions.

Knowledge Management and Collaboration strategies for technology-based firms in Baja California

Conference paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello; Richard David Evans; Manuel Castañon Puga
2017 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON), Santa Clara, CA, 2017, pp. 442-447, doi: 10.1109/TEMSCON.2017.7998416.
Publication year: 2017

Abstract:

Knowledge Management (KM) and Collaboration are viewed as a key strategy for achieving competitive advantage in companies around the world. Knowledge by itself is considered one of the most valuable assets owned by an organization. In technology-based firms, it is perceived as being of the upmost value. In Baja California, Mexico, several companies exist which develop products and services using knowledge creation as a core value. In this paper, we summarize the results of 14 interviews with general managers and directors of knowledge-oriented firms to further understand which KM strategies are employed in seeking to gain competitive advantage. Results indicate that all firms adopt different approaches to KM. A common opinion amongst those interviewed was that knowledge provides greater value to businesses, improving corporate performance. All confirmed a significant relationship exists between KM, collaboration and competitive advantage.

Assessing the role of knowledge and project management in the competitiveness of manufacturing firms in Baja California

Conference paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello, Richard David Evans, Manuel Castañón-Puga
Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, Volume 6: Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXXI, 540 - 545
Publication year: 2017

Abstract

This article analyses the Knowledge Management (KM) and Project Management (PM) practices of manufacturing firms based in Baja California to determine their level of importance in generating competitive advantage in the manufacturing sector in Baja California. Key questions researched in this paper are: 1) How is KM managed through information technologies and organisational systems, ensuring empirical and industrial success? and 2) How do PM strategies increase competitiveness in the Baja California manufacturing sector? The research analyses currently-implemented management systems used for improved KM and PM, based on knowledge and new advantage orientation. One of the limitations found in this research is that several firms do not adopt standardised policies relating to knowledge procurement and development. Although competitiveness is perceived as vital for organisations, the combination of KM and PM are not yet fully developed and integrated into organisational processes to increase competitiveness. It is found that KM and PM have influence and correlations with competitiveness.

Modelling complex systems with distributed agency and fuzzy inference systems. Knowledge-based curricula in higher education

Conference paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello & ManuelCastanon-Puga
Procedia Computer Science, Volume 80, 2016, Pages 2317-2321, ISSN 1877-0509, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2016.05.429.
Publication year: 2016

Abstract

Higher education has become a cornerstone in the arise of knowledge society conceptualization. This concept covers a new type of social configuration that puts knowledge as the main value in human interaction for future social and economic development and also as one of the main actions to improve in order to gain a better quality of life. In this paper we discuss the importance of this structure and its characteristics, then we focus in the need to generate a higher education curriculum that fits this emphasis in social development of a new knowledge-based society. Finally, we use complex systems simulation to analyze six agents including: 1) Students; 2) Teaching – Teachers; 3) Training plan – Teachers; 4) Scientific research, IT development, innovation and professional performance; 5) Management – Managers; and 6) Environment and relevance or External Agents and five variables for this study: 1) Teaching; 2) Extracurricular activities; 3) Research and development; 4) Management; and 5) Educational culture. The final goal is to propose a curriculum that includes a projection to create knowledge-based society from higher education as a main factor to achieve this objective.

Keywords: complex systems, higher education, knowledge-based curricula, distributed agency, FIS

Hybrid-Intelligent Mobile Indoor Location Using Wi-Fi Signals - Location Method Using Data Mining Algorithms and Type-2 Fuzzy Logic Systems

Conference paper
Manuel Castañón-Puga; Abby Salazar-Corrales; Carelia Gaxiola-Pacheco; Guillermo Licea; Miguel Flores-Parra and Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS, 609-615, 2015 , Barcelona, Spain
Publication year: 2015

Abstract: 

Technology with situational awareness needs a lot of information of the environment to execute the correct task at the correct moment. Location of the user is typical information to achieve the goal. This work proposes a mobile application that enables the indoor location of smartphones using the potential infrastructure given by Wireless Local Area Networks. This infrastructure goes beyond GPS (Global Position System) where signal is weak or is not available for indoors. This application uses an alternative and unconventional method to indoor location using Wi-Fi RSSI fingerprinting as well as an estimation based on Type-2 fuzzy inference systems provided by the developed framework JT2FIS. Wi-Fi Fingerprinting creates a radio map of a given area based on the RSSI data from several access points (APs) and generates a set of RSSI data for a given zone location. Consequently Data Mining is required for clustering the obtained set of data and generating the structure of a Type-2 Mamdani (More)

Extending NetLogo with Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Inference Systems

Conference paper
Manuel Castañón-Puga; Josué Miguel Flores-Parra; Carelia Gaxiola-Pacheco; Luis Enrique Palafox-Maestre; Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
2014 Second World Conference on Complex Systems (WCCS), Agadir, Morocco, 2014, pp. 561-566, doi: 10.1109/ICoCS.2014.7060897.
Publication year: 2014

Abstract:

The use of computational intelligence in a Multi-Agent System (MAS) can aid the process of modelling complex social phenomena. Fuzzy Inference Systems (FIS) have been broadly used in control systems on engineering applications, but this also in Social Simulation could be very useful due the possibility to represent non-linear systems. In Type-2 Fuzzy Logic, uncertainty was introduced on the model enriching the capability of description in complex decision-making systems. In this paper, we introduce an Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Inference System extension for Netlogo, which is a very used computational modelling tool. With this extension, we aim to implement complex decision making systems in MAS and Social Simulation using Type-2 Fuzzy Logic.