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The Impact of COVID-19 on Innovation: Old Projections or New Expectations After the Pandemic?

Journal paper
Reyna V. Barragán-Quintero, Fernando Barragán-Quintero, Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
IEEE Engineering Management Review, Vol. 48, No. 3, Third Quarter, September 2020, 197-201
Publication year: 2020

Abstract

Today’s generation has undoubtedly witnessed spectacular changes all over the world including the emergence of diseases, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome. Now, we are faced with an unprecedented crisis, brought on by coronavirus disease 2019, a worldwide pandemic that has shaken our economic and social equilibrium, bringing about a new set of parameters in personal as well as in social behavioral patterns, and ceding way to new strategies of political conduct and economic planning. In this article, we hope to stress the idea of innovation as a necessary instrument for economic viability and quite possibly an important factor for reconstruction in the aftermath of the pandemic. We propose that society will have to adopt certain tools and conducts to recover from the consequences of the crisis, making use of innovation as a strategy for the recovery and development of the economy that has been weakened from lockdown and social distancing. With this goal in mind, we hope to prove that a crisis, such as a pandemic, is cause for change and innovation at all levels.

Key words: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), economic viability, innovation, technology, pandemic aftermath

Social networks and academic performance self-perception in business sciences students

Journal paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello, Rafael Ravina-Ripoll, Edgar Julian Gálvez-Albarracín
Cuadernos De Administración, 36(66), 105-117. https://doi.org/10.25100/cdea.v36i66.7761
Publication year: 2020

Abstract

Considering that individuals and organizations for different activities increasingly use social networks (SN), this paper seeks to describe the level of usefulness that business sciences university students find in them, and the impact thereof on their Academic Performance self-perception (APS). The results show that in both Mexico and Spain, the target audience considers that SN are useful for academic topics, this being more noticeable in the first country; Likewise, APS is better in Mexican students. On the other hand, using linear regressions as a statistical technique, in both nations was found that the more usefulness obtained from the SN, the higher students’ APS, which turned out more noticeable in the Spanish case. In today’s world, where thanks to information and communication technologies (ICTs), there are high possibilities for interconnection between people and organizations, these findings are of interest to universities, government bodies and companies because they all offer products and/or services to a public who needs to feel that the former know more and learn about them better, for which SN become a current and versatile tool for dissemination.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technologies, Social networks, University education, Academic performance, Interculturality.

Happiness perception in Spain, a SEM approach to evidence from the sociological research center

Journal paper
Estela Núñez-Barriopedro · Rafael Ravina-Ripoll · Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
Quality and Quantity 54(3), pp. 761-779. doi:10.1007/s11135-019- 00955-w
Publication year: 2020

Abstract

In the current study, we examined the relationship between perceived person happiness and factors that influence this perception, also, is inferred that life satisfaction is influence by happiness. Among 2494 Spaniards individuals of both sexes, we found that these individuals valued political situation, economic situation and socio-demographic characteristics to have a strong association in that order, with happiness and that this last construct is a fundamental factor to life satisfaction. The importance of perception is validated using a structural equation model that evaluates relationships and validity on the constructs in question. Collinearity statistics, average variance extracted, and an estimated partial least square regression model are evaluated to confirm independent meaning, correct construct measure and endogenous variable explanation by the predictive constructs. Results indicate that the level of happiness in Spaniards is most influenced by political perception. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed, and it is proposed to continue this study in a non-developed country.

Keywords: Happiness · Life satisfaction ·Political situation · Economic situation · Sociodemographic characteristics · SEM

Are Spanish public employees happier in their work performance in the Industry 4.0 era?

Journal paper
María-José Foncubierta-Rodríguez, Rafael Ravina-Ripoll, Eduardo Ahumada-Tello, Luis Bayardo Tobar-Pesantez
Polish Journal of Management Studies 2020; 22 (1): 103-116. DOI: 10.17512/pjms.2020.22.1.07
Publication year: 2020

Abstract

Several studies in the literature indicate the link between socio-psychological factors at work with the degree of satisfaction or perceived happiness. However, there are still few analyzes that expressly address this relationship in the public sector workers, compared to those in the private sector. This paper aims to find out if the public sector employees are happier than the private sector, by associating happiness to some of these factors in Spain. Results show that employees in the public sector are indeed happier than those in private one. In terms of pay, safety and perceived stress levels, there are association relationships to employee happiness. This research provides very useful information for those firm managers who are responsible for human resources policies related to these factors: salary, security and stress.

Keywords

Happiness, satisfaction, human resources, human resources policies, Industry 4.0, public sector
private sector

Una aproximación a la felicidad laboral desde el punto de vista de la sociología

Journal paper
Ana Fondón Ludeña, Luis Tobar Pesántez, Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
Revista Espacio, 40(37), 20–31. Retrieved from https://www.revistaespacios.com/a19v40n37/a19v40n37p20.pdf
Publication year: 2019

Resumen

Este trabajo forma parte de un estudio más amplio sobre construcción de la imagen social de la felicidad asociada al ámbito profesional. Pero como punto de partida consideramos importante exponer los resultados de esta prueba piloto para someterlo a crítica y avanzar con las consideraciones oportunas. Prestamos especial interés al imaginario de la felicidad emergente en el ámbito laboral indagando en las plataformas profesionales virtuales. Se trata de una aproximación al estudio de lo que entendemos por felicidad laboral y el bienestar subjetivo en ambientes técnicos

Palabras clave: Felicidad, bienestar subjetivo, linkedin, sociología de la felicidad

Subjective well-being based on creativity and the perception of happiness

Journal paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
Retos Journal of Administration Sciences and Economics, 9(18), 313-329. https://doi.org/ 10.17163/ret.n18.2019.09
Publication year: 2019

Abstract

In this paper the relationship that exists between the concepts of «happiness» and «creativity» with «subjective well-being» is analyzed. The importance of these elements is reviewed to confirm the positive relationship that is supposed to exist between them and in this way to propose organizational development strategies. The goals to achieve are to find the correlation between the variables in the local environment. To this end, a questionnaire is applied, and 249 responses are obtained, this instrument includes questions for each of the variables under study and have been obtained from a sample of a population of university students and graduates former students of management degrees in the city of Tijuana, BC, Mexico. Results confirm that the variables «happiness» and «subjective well-being» and the variables «creativity» and «subjective well-being» have a high mutual relationship based on the results in Pearson’s correlation analysis, in the analysis of variance and in the regression equation model. It reaches to the conclusion of the importance of applied strategies for the development of the human element in organizations based on the implementation of actions that promote creativity and increase perception of happiness to influence the development of subjective well-being in individuals and organizations from collaboration networks and organizational tools.

Keywords: Subjective well-being, quality of life, creativity, perception, happiness, society, organizations, people.

Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes de las áreas de negocios que laboran en los Call Center de la Ciudad de Tijuana

Journal paper
Cutti Riveros, Lourdes and Zárate Cornejo, Robert Efraín and Ahumada Tello, Eduardo
Sotavento M.B.A., (31), 58-67. https://doi.org/10.18601/01233734.n31.06
Publication year: 2019

Resumen

En la actualidad, los estudiantes del nivel universitario enfrentan grandes adversidades durante su carrera. Muchos de ellos trabajan y a la vez estudian, lo que repercute en el estrés y los síntomas de vivir bajo esta condición. El ambiente laboral suele ser fuente de estrés para muchos estudiantes universitarios trabajadores y esto afecta en poca o gran medida su desenvolvimiento en actividades de estudiante. El objetivo de la presente es analizar la influencia de los síntomas del Burnout en los estudiantes de la Facultad de Contaduría y Administración (FCA) campus Tijuana, principalmente aquellos que laboran en empresas de call center. Para lograr dicho objetivo se aplicó una encuesta basada en el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach a 50 estudiantes de la FCA campus Tijuana. En dicha encuesta se consideran factores como el cansancio físico, el cansancio emocional, la despersonalización y la realización personal.

Palabras clave: Burnout, cansancio emocional, despersonalización, realización personal, estudiantes universitarios

Happiness as a predictor of academic performance in University students. A comparativa Analysis Between Mexico and Spain.

Journal paper
Rafael Ravina-Ripoll, Eduardo Ahumada-Tello, Edgar Julián Gálvez-Albarracín
CAURIENSIA. Revista Anual De Ciencias EclesiáSticas, 14, 407-426. Recuperado de http://www.cauriensia.es/index.php/cauriensia/article/view/EM10
Publication year: 2019

Abstract

During the first two decades of the 21st century, the scientific research about cognitive happiness within the classrooms of higher education institutions have been intensified, some of them have been used to explore within the framework of the digital society whether the promotion of collaborative learning is a useful didactic strategy to stimulate the happiness level of future graduates. Coherently with this research focus, the present work aims to analyze the link between happiness of university students and their academic performance. For this intention, during the academic year 2018-2019, a sample was taken from students of technology, administration, accounting and international business from the universities of Cádiz (Spain) and the Autonomous of Baja California (Mexico). The results obtained by linear regressions are quite consistent with the scientific literature about the correlation between happiness and a better academic performance, both populations confirm this theory.

Keywords: Happiness, academic performance, university, digital society.

Análisis de la situación actual de la felicidad corporativa de los millennials en España, desde el barómetro del Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas

Journal paper
Fondón Ludeña, Ana; TobarPesántez, Luis; AhumadaTello, Eduardo
Revista Espacio, 40(37), 20–31.
Publication year: 2019

Resumen

El principal objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el grado de felicidad en los españoles y especialmente en los millennials. Concretamente, se contrastan las variables demográficas y socioeconómicas influyentes en los niveles de felicidad a través del análisis de los datos ofrecidos por los barómetros del Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (CIS) en el 2017, con una muestra de 2 494 individuos. Entre las principales conclusiones destaca que la edad y el nivel de estudios no influyen en la felicidad de los millennials. Por el contrario, sí influye el género y la situación laboral. Las mujeres millennials son más felices que los hombres millennials, así como los millennials que trabajan.

Palabras clave: Felicidad, millennials, barómetro del CIS, variables socioeconómicas, variables demográficas.

Responsabilidad Social Universitaria. Desarrollo de competitividad organizacional desde el proceso educativo

Journal paper
Ahumada-Tello, E and Ravina-Ripoll, R and LópezRegalado, M E
Actualidades Investigativas En Educación, 18(3), 1–30.
Publication year: 2018

Resumen

En  este  artículo  se  trata  el  tema  de  Responsabilidad  Social  Universitaria  (RSU)  como  parte  del proceso formativo de estudiantes universitarios y como elemento de competitividad en las empresas, al preparar a  los  estudiantes  durante  el  proceso de interacción  educativa  desde su perspectiva.  Se  llevó  a cabo  un  estudio cuantitativo  aplicando  537  cuestionarios  a  una  población  de  2620  estudiantes  de  licenciatura  en  la  Facultad  de Contaduría y Administración (FCA) de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC). Se realizó el análisis de  confiabilidad  para  validar  el  instrumento  de  medición  y  se  procedió  a  realizar  un  estudio  de  varianza  y  de correlaciones entre las variables de estudio planteadas: Campus Responsable (CR), Gestión y Cuidado del Medio Ambiente  (GMA),  Formación  Profesional  Ciudadana  (FPC)  y  Participación  Social  Responsable  (PSR).  Los resultados  indican  elevados  niveles  de  Alpha  de  Cronbach  (CR=.829,  FPC=.875,  GMA=.825  y  PSR=.877), ANOVA con indicadores significativos y valores en el índice de correlación de .601 a .713 en Pearson y de .666 a .750 en Spearman, ambos significativos. Las variables de estudio se encuentran relacionadas entre sí y covarían. A  partir  de  los  resultados  obtenidos,  se  concluye  que  desde  la  perspectiva  de  los  estudiantes,  es  importante implementar  estrategias  educativas  de  la  RSE  en  los  programas  de  estudio  de  las  Universidades  e  incluir  su enfoque en el desarrollo de profesionales con alto valor agregado que al finalizar sus estudios se integren a las organizaciones y promuevan el desarrollo territorial.

Palabras clave: responsabilidad social, proceso de interacción educativa, educación superio

Perception of cultural values in employees and their importance in performance in the maquiladora industry

Journal paper
David Medrano-López & Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
Contaduría Y Administración, 63(3), e44. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/fca.24488410e.2018.1264
Publication year: 2018

Abstract

The objective of this research is to understand the significance between organizational behavior dimensions from a perspective of cultural values and the perception of job performance in the worker. To achieve this goal, it was used a quantitative analysis for structural equations in a case study with a sample of 194 people working on firms from manufacturing medical products. For this study we defined and stratified the cultural values on three sections: family, religion and spirituality. The main findings indicate that spirituality is significant in the perception of the worker’s own performance.

JEL Classification: D23, J24, L60, M54.

Keywords: Cultural values, Performance, Structural equational modeling.

Percepción de competitividad personal. Un estudio desde la perspectiva de la felicidad, el bienestar y la educación en egresados universitarios

Journal paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello
Revista De Estudios Empresariales. Segunda Época, (1). https://doi.org/10.17561/ree.v0i1.3187
Publication year: 2017

Abstract

Competitiveness is a subject of study that affects different aspects of the individual and of the organizations. The demand that the modern environment towards the acquisition of skills, abilities and capacities impels diverse studies on the satisfaction that is obtained when trying to fulfill all the requirements in the process of development. In this research, we try to find a relation between competitiveness and the variables of happiness, welfare and education to validate the existence or significant influence among them. For these effects a correlation analysis and quantitative structural equations were used in a case study with a sample of 106 university graduates. The main findings indicate that happiness is a perception that can be presented as independent of competitiveness. In contrast, welfare and education have a more significant relationship among respondents.

Implementación de clústeres de biotecnología. Estrategia de alto valor para impulsar el desarrollo regional

Journal paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello, Julio Octavio Blas-Flores, José Raúl Robles-Cortés
Sotavento M.B.A., (28), 10-21. https://doi.org/10.18601/01233734.n28.02
Publication year: 2016

Abstract

In this paper, we study the implications for re gional development when is implemented the strategy of biotech cluster development. We mention studies on issues such as competitiveness, regional development,  innovation and clusters. The methodology is documentary. In this context, it is established that the intangible value of patents and processes derived from the study of this industrial sector have influence on the creation of important developed regions in a global context that have high income and also high quality of life for residents in countries that have improve public policy for this sector. It is therefore a fundamental part of these study promote the clustering of biotechnology industry, and by these actions seize the juncture between industry, academia and the public sector, this in order to create a social synergy in regional contexts.
Keywords: Clustering, biotech, regional development, competitiveness.

Business intelligence: Strategy for competitiveness development in technology-based firms,Inteligencia de negocios: Estrategia para el desarrollo de competitividad en empresas de base tecnológica

Journal paper
Eduardo Ahumada-Tello, Juan Manuel Perusquia-Velasco
Contaduría Y Administración, 61(1), 127- 158. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cya.2015.09.006
Publication year: 2016

Resumen

La necesidad de realizar una valoración sobre el rol de los activos intangibles dentro de las organizaciones hace que sea necesario establecer estrategias entre la creación de valor con base en el conocimiento y los mecanismos de adquisición de éste en las empresas. En esta investigación se plantea la problemática de establecer elementos que desarrollen la capacidad de fortalecer el conocimiento que las empresas adquieren a través de acciones centradas en los sistemas de información, la innovación y el proceso de la toma de decisiones, todo coadyuvando a la ampliación de la inteligencia de negocios [business intelligence] como un factor fundamental en la competitividad empresarial. Es una investigación mixta: entrevistas a profundidad en el aspecto cualitativo y cuestionario en el aspecto cuantitativo; en empresas del Sector de Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación. Los hallazgos principales son: 1) El conocimiento es el activo de mayor valor en las empresas. 2) El entorno de negocios es fundamental para la competitividad. 3) La innovación, los sistemas de información y los procesos de toma de decisiones son parte de la inteligencia de negocios que requieren las empresas y 4) La inteligencia de negocios desarrolla la competitividad a partir de la gestión del conocimiento.

Palabras clave: inteligencia de negocios; competitividad empresarial; gestión del conocimiento; innovación de negocios; procesos de toma de decisiones